Ethics & pandemics exploring ethical issues that arise in influenza pandemic planning and response, focusing on issues of social justice. Page 2 of 19 introduction the influenza pandemic of 1917-18 was arguably the greatest health crisis faced by the world in the modern era there is a reasonable chance for a similar influenza pandemic in the next few years. Nurses’ ethical considerations in a pandemic or other emergency of a pandemic influenza, nurses and other health-care situations and ethical issues nurses can face during a pandemic or other emergency will be explored through various examples. With avian flu popping up around the globe, federal, state, and local governments along with hospitals are now fully engaged in pandemic preparedness planning undoubtedly, considerations of the history of the 1918 spanish flu gives these efforts a sense of urgency a 1918-like pandemic, under a.
In a 2014 case study on ethical decision-making during catastrophic pandemics, dr linda kiltz advocates strongly for the prioritization and protection of healthcare providers influenza and other viruses are not discriminatory in their transmission like water, viruses follow a path of least resistance. Ethical issues and considerations associated with a pandemic involving direct-contact transmission, for example, will not necessarily be adequately anticipated or addressed if the range of ethical issues considered in pandemic plans are circumscribed to those associated with an airborne influenza pandemic. What is a global pandemic to understand the global concern and the ethical implications, it is important to understand what a pandemic is pandemic influenza is best defined as a global flu outbreak where a new influenza virus emerges and spreads easily like regular flu.
The pandemic influenza working group at the university of toronto has developed a comprehensive ethical guide or framework for planning for and dealing with major communicable disease outbreaks, such as sars or pandemic influenza. Stockpiling solutions represents a thoughtful collaboration between public health and medicine around ethics of care during an influenza pandemic the task force carefully and thoroughly addressed three significant ethical issues, including: 1) the responsibility of healthcare workers to provide care and to be protected while working 2) the balance of individual rights and community needs. Ethical issues in pandemic influenza virus although the timing and severity of the next influenza pandemic is impossible to predict, there is broad agreement that one will occur preparation is vital to mitigating its effects. Influenza pandemics are unpredictable but recurring events that can have severe consequences on human health and socio-economic life to global level for this reason, the world health organization (who) has recommended all countries to prepare a pandemic influenza plan following its own guidelines. In the near future, experts predict, an influenza pandemic will likely spread throughout the world many countries have been creating a contingency plan in order to mitigate the severe health and social consequences of such an event.
Ethical issues gaining an understanding about influenza pandemics that occurred in the past and the ethical issues that co-inside, will help international and government officials devise pandemic plans that are ethically appropriate and effective. This document provides ethical considerations that the ethics subcommittee of the advisory committee to the director, centers for disease control and prevention (cdc) proposes to aid in the decision making specific to allocation of mechanical ventilators during a severe influenza pandemic. The anticipated onset of a second wave of the h1n1 influenza pandemic could present a host of thorny medical ethics issues best considered well in advance, according bioethicists topics include.
Medical ethics experts identify, address key issues in h1n1 pandemic the anticipated onset of a second wave of the h1n1 influenza pandemic could present a host of thorny medical ethics issues best considered well in advance, according to the university of toronto joint center for bioethics, which today released nine papers for public discussion. 4 ethical issues in pandemic planning and response overview many of the conferences, meetings, and workshops convened in anticipation of an h5n1 influenza pandemic have focused on the specific strategies that can be used in fighting such a pandemic. Influenza pandemics the development of the immunization schedule ethical issues and vaccines access issues many vaccine-related ethical debates center on the evidence that access to vaccination depends to some extent on socioeconomic and racial ethnic minority status implicit in these discussions is the question of whether or not.
Within its guidelines for influenza pandemic plans, who has developed a framework of detailed ethical considerations in order to ensure that overall concerns (s. The minnesota department of health (mdh) is preparing to address some critical ethical issues that are likely to arise during a severe influenza pandemic. Ethical issues in pandemic influenza planning concerning pregnant women abstract: pregnant women traditionally have been assigned priority in the allocation of prevention and treatment resources during outbreaks of influenza because of their increased risk of morbidity and mortality.
Throughout history there have been important pandemics that have left a great impact on world the first influenza pandemic to happen took topographic point in 1918-1919. Ethical and legal issues in influenza pandemic alicia ouellette albany law school view adobe acrobat version | download adobe acrobat reader five (of many more) issues hazardous duty by health care providers hazardous duty by health care providers.
Summary the need for reflection on the ethical issues raised by the spectre of a pandemic influenza outbreak is great our efforts to address the normative aspects of pandemic planning in hospitals have generated interest from other hospitals and from the governmental sector. Ethical issues in public health ---- group assignment case study pandemic flu in the us: ethics & the allocation of a scarce vaccine directions. Discussion of moral issues related to the theory and practice of public health and preventive medicine emerging over the last 15 years out of dissatisfaction with the traditional will face during an influenza pandemic although ethical principles and frameworks for decision making cannot provide definitive. The eleventh futures forum aimed to review and discuss ethical governance principles and instruments to the who global project on addressing ethical issues in pandemic influenza planning (5) structure of this report eleventh futures forum on the ethical governance of pandemic influenza preparedness the.