Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online easily share your publications and get them in front of issuu’s. More specifically, in 1854, the earliest courts called the “courts of equity” were established by the british in the southern parts of nigeria, particularly brass, benin, okirika and opobo8 operating simultaneously with the courts of equity and consular courts were courts that were established by the royal niger company. The ordering of parts or elements of a whole from the highest to the lowest the term “hierarchy” was introduced not earlier than the second half of the fifth century by pseudo-dionysius in his treatises the celestial hierarchy and the ecclesiastical hierarchyuntil the 19th century, it was used to describe the organization of the christian church.
History, functions and organisation chart (hierarchy) of court of appeal (coa) of nigeria federal supreme court nigeria court of appeal (coa) (hears appeals from the judgments of. Sharia courts in nigeria ostien focused on the differences in public opinion and sharia implementation and how both factors influence the structure of courts in some nigerian states in oyo state, where christian-muslim interfaith marriages are especially common, ostien suggests that the sharia courts play a more informal role, with sharia. Court of appeal (ca) is next to the supreme court in the hierarchy of nigeria court system the court is established by section 237 of 1999 cfrn its composition consists of a president of the court of appeal and other justice of the court of appeal not less than forty-nine (49) in number.
The doctrine of precedent, or stare decisis, lies at the heart of the english legal system the doctrine refers to the fact that within the hierarchical structure of the english courts, a decision of a higher court will be binding on a court lower that it in that hierarchy. The hierarchy at court within the highly stratified court of benin , rank is indicated through diverse forms of regalia and the materials from which they are made the oba , or sacred monarch, is the apex of the hierarchy. Federal high court act chapter 134 laws of the federal republic of nigeria 13 th april 1973 an act to establish the federal high court as a high court with certain special powers and to provide for all other matters connected therewith. This paper discusses the nature, types and jurisdiction of customary courts in the nigeria legal system it gives us an insight into the historical background and development of customary courts in nigeria, which started with the native courts before the arrival of the colonial legal system.
The federal high court shall be duty constituted of at least one judge of that court 254 subject to the provision of any act of the national assembly, the chief judge of the federal high court may make rules for regulating the practice and procedure of the federal high court. Update: guide to nigerian legal information by yemisi dina, john akintayo & funke ekundayo the supreme court is the highest court and all decisions from the court are binding on all other courts in nigeria, the state court structure dovetails into the federal court structure at the level of the court of appeal. Find list of best courts in nigeria with their name, address, contact phone number and other information on vconnect search more about courts at vconnect.
The rationality of judicial precedent in nigeria’s jurisprudence ephraim a ikegbu department of philosophy this paper is poised to critique the rationality of judicial precedent in the context of nigerian legal system legal cases decided by superior courts to which it is subordinate in the hierarchy of courts this is the case even. The judiciary in nigeria the federal judicial power is exercised by the federal courts, which adjudicate in disputes arising between individuals, governments and corporate entities in their inter-relationships with one another within or outside the country in accordance with the law. A pro-democracy group, human rights writers association of nigeria, huriwa, on tuesday urged the judiciary to prevail on president muhammadu buhari to obey “subsisting” court orders. Independent national electoral commission all nigeria peoples party prince nicholas ukachukwu people democratic party dr andy uba peoples mandate party arthur obiefuna nwandu ifeeanyichukwu okonkwo (for himself and on behalf of nigeria advance party versus independent national electoral commission, all nigeria peoples party , prince nicholas.
The structure of the nigerian government the federal executive the federal legislature the judiciary the state government the local government government at the apex of the judiciary is the supreme court the other federal courts are: the court of appeal the federal high court the chief justice of nigeria, the president of the court of. Courts are an independent branch of government that exist to interpret laws, to enforce the laws, to resolve disputes, and to protect the rights people have as citizen of the federal republic of nigeria.
The hierarchy of courts is the arrangement of courts in the method through which appeal flows if the judgement at the lower court is not satisfying, an appeal can be made to the higher court in order to get redress and justice. Superior courts: courts in this category are the supreme court, court of appeal, state high court, federal high court, sharia court of appeal, customary court of appeal and national industrial court these courts are also called superior courts of records because the practice of judicial precedent operates in these courts. The lagos state judiciary the lagos state judiciary is the oldest judiciary in nigeria its existence dates back to the period of the cession of lagos to the british government when it was established and known as the colony province judiciary. In nigeria, the state court structure dovetails into the federal court structure at the level of the court of appeal the court of appeal entertains appeals from the decisions of the high courts, the sharia courts of appeal and the customary courts of appeal.